Từ điển Collocation
1 sth that you have to do because it is right or expected
ADJ. contractual, legal, mandatory, statutory Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose. | general, primary the general duty of the police to preserve the peace | professional | civic, public I feel it is my civic duty to vote. | patriotic | family, filial, parental | ethical, moral He felt it was his moral duty to help his neighbour. | absolute, bounden, fundamental, sacred, solemn I feel it’s my bounden duty to try and help her.
VERB + DUTY have, owe (law) You have a legal duty to take reasonable care. The railway company owes a duty of care to all its customers. | carry out, do, fulfil, meet, perform She put down the phone and went out, her duty done. She felt she had fulfilled her duty by providing him with a son. | fail in He had failed in his duty towards his daughter. | neglect, shirk I’d be shirking my duty if I didn’t warn him. | assign, charge sb with, impose It was a duty imposed by her father. | assume, take on He took on the duty of maintaining the family home.
DUTY + VERB call I wanted to stop and chat, but duty called and I went back to the office.
PREP. under a/the ~ You are under a statutory duty to keep accurate records. | ~ of It’s the duty of each and every one of us to do their best for the team. They have a duty of confidentiality. | ~ to, ~ towards They have a duty to their parents to work hard.
PHRASES a breach of duty It was a clear breach of professional duty. | do your duty I suppose we’d better do our duty and report the accident. | do your duty by sb You feel that you have to do your duty by your children. | be duty bound to do sth An employer is not duty bound to provide a reference when an employee leaves. | (above and) beyond the call of duty The time he put in helping new recruits went beyond the call of duty. | feel it your duty to do sth I felt it my duty to go to the police. | in breach of a duty (formal) It was ruled that the injured man was in breach of his duty by not wearing the safety equipment provided. | a sense of duty I did it out of a sense of duty.
2 tasks that you do when you are at work
ADJ. light When I returned to work after my illness I was put on light duties. | onerous | day, night At 10.45 p.m. she reported for night duty. | beat, escort, guard, point, sentry Police usually do beat duty in pairs. The traffic lights were not working so there was a policeman on point duty. | daily, routine | official | administrative, professional, secretarial | domestic, household My household duties were not particularly onerous. | military
VERB + DUTY have The members of staff each have their own duties. | carry out, discharge, do, perform She was unable to carry out her duties because she was too ill. | come on, go on, report for Colleagues became suspicious when he failed to report for duty. | come off, go off What time do you go off duty? | neglect, shirk He was accused of neglecting his professional duties. | resume, return to He leaves hospital tomorrow and is expected to resume his duties at the beginning of next month. | be released from Her son was released from duty in the army to visit her in hospital. | be relieved of, be suspended from When he failed to turn up for training, he was relieved of his duties as captain.
DUTY + NOUN doctor, nurse, officer, pharmacist He went to the police station and spoke to the duty officer.
PREP. off ~ I’m off duty tomorrow night. | on ~ You’re not allowed to drink alcohol on duty.
PHRASES the execution/performance of your duties The company is liable if you are injured during the execution of your duty.
Xem thêm: LGBT – Wikipedia tiếng Việt
ADJ. heavy, high the heavy duty on cigarettes | low | customs, excise, export, import excise duty on spirits | alcohol, fuel, tobacco, etc. Tobacco duty is a major source of revenue for the government. | death
QUANT. amount We tried to estimate the amount of duty we would have to pay.
VERB + DUTY put on, slap on They are going to put duty on foreign cars. | take off | increase, put up, raise They’re going to put up the duty on tobacco. | cut, lower, reduce | pay | avoid, evade They claim that the wine is for personal use and so evade the duty. | be liable to Perfume is liable to import duty. | carry Cider carries duty at the lower rate. | be exempt from Beer for personal use is exempt from duty.
PREP. in ~ By changing its supplier, the company saved thousands of pounds in import duty. | ~ on You have to pay duty on all electrical goods.
Từ điển WordNet
- n .
- work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons
the duties of the job
- the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; “we must instill a sense of duty in our children”; “every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty”- John D.Rockefeller Jr; responsibility, obligation
- a government tax on imports or exports; tariff
they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries
Bloomberg Financial Glossary
A tax on imports, exports, or consumption goods.
Investopedia Financial Terms
1. A tax levied on certain goods, services or transactions. Duties are enforceable by law and are imposed on commodities or financial transactions, instead of individuals.
2. The obligation of a person in authority, such as a fiduciary, to fulfill the responsibilities of his or her position.
1. Duties may be revoked in certain situations, such as an airport’s duty-free shop. At a duty-free shop, commodities that are usually taxed, like cigarettes and alcohol, will not have a duty levied on them. Foreign visitors will then be able to purchase the goods at a lower price compared to domestic citizens.
2. The chief executive officer of a company has a fiduciary duty to the company’s shareholders. This means that any course of action the CEO takes should be in the best interested of the shareholders.
Ad Valorem Tax
Certificate Of Origin – CO
English Synonym and Antonym Dictionary
syn.: assignment charge chore function job obligation responsibility tariff task tax toll work
Category: Hỏi Đáp